Distinguished Professor of Medicinal Chemistry
Robert C. and Charlotte P. Anderson Chair in Pharmacology
Director, Purdue Institute for Drug Discovery
Ph.D. - 1990, Purdue University
Postdoc - 1990-1991, The Upjohn Company
Postdoc - 1991-1994, The University of Michigan
Chemical Biology and Therapeutic Targeting of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases: From Target Identification/Validation to Hit/Lead Generation and Preclinical Evaluation
Our research spans the disciplines of chemistry and biology with an emphasis on protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), enzymes that remove phosphoryl groups from tyrosine phosphorylated proteins and regulate a plethora of cellular processes, including growth, defferentiation, metabolism, and the immune response. Abnormal PTP activity leads to aberrant cellular signaling, which is linked to the development of cancer, diabetes/obesity, neurodegenerative and autoimmune disorders, and infectious diseases. Consequently, there is heightened interest to control disease progression at the level of PTPs.
Using state-of-the-art molecular, cellular and mouse genetic techniques (e.g. CRISPR gene editing, siRNA silencing, and gene knockout), we seek to fully characterize the >100 members of the PTP family and understand how PTP activity is regulated to modulate cellular signaling and how PTP malfunction causes diseases. To promote therapeutic application of drugging the PTPs as a target class, we employ fragment-based, and structure-guided medicinal chemistry to develop potent and selective chemical probes (orthosteric and allosteric inhibitors, covalent modifiers, and PROTAC-based small molecule degraders) for PTP functional interrogation, target validation, and therapeutic development. Current efforts aim to advance our target validation and lead generation paradigm and to create a ‘PTP-based drug discovery platform’ that will ultimately impact the therapeutic portfolio of tomorrow.
Our research program is multifaceted and incorporates both established and emerging technologies, across disciplines. Students have ample opportunity to interact with a highly interactive, collaborative and multi-disciplinary group of individuals with expertise ranging from biochemistry, cell biology, mouse genetics, structural biology, mass spectrometry, organic synthesis, medicinal chemistry, chemical biology and in vivo pharmacology.
Complete List of Lab Publications and Google Scholar Citations (https://www.chem.purdue.edu/zhang/publications.html)
A. M. Ovini Amarasinghe (Graduate Student)
Yunpeng Bai (Research Associate)
Colin Carlock (Graduate Student)
Jiajun Dong (Graduate Student)
Vikram Gaddam (Post-Doctoral Research Associate)
Brenson Austin Jassim (Graduate Student)
Aaron D. Krabill (Post-Doctoral Research Assistant)
Jianping Lin (Post-Doctoral Research Associate)
Jinmin Miao (Post-Doctoral Research Associate)
Yiming Miao (Graduate Student)
Frederick Georges Bernard Nguele Meke (Graduate Student)
Zihan Qu (Graduate Student)
Paul Joseph Tholath (Graduate Student)
Ramya Visvanathan (Post-Doctoral Research Associate)
Guimei Yu (Post-Doctoral Research Associate)
Ruo-Yu Zhang (Research Associate)
Bai, Y., Yu, Z., Liu, S., Zhang, L., Zhang, R.-Y., Zeng, L.-F., Zhang, S., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Novel anticancer agents based on targeting the trimer interface of the PRL phosphatase”, Cancer Res. 76, 4805-4815 (2016).
Zhang, R.-Y., Yu, Z.-H., Zeng, L.-F., Zhang, S., Bai, Y., Miao, J., Chen, L., Xie, J. and Zhang, Z.-Y. “SHP2 phosphatase as a novel target for melanoma treatment”, Oncotarget 7, 73817-73829 (2016).
He, R., Wang, J., Yu, Z.-H., Zhang, R.-Y., Liu, S., Wu, L., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Inhibition of low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatase by an induced-fit mechanism”, J. Med. Chem. 59, 9094-9106 (2016).
Zhang, Z.-Y. “Drugging the undruggable: therapeutic potential of targeting protein tyrosine phosphatases”, Acc. Chem. Res. 50, 122-129 (2017).
Frankson, R., Yu, Z.-H., Bai, Y., Li, Q., Zhang, R.-Y., Zhang, Z.-Y. “Therapeutic targeting of oncogenic tyrosine phosphatases”, Cancer Research 77, 5701-5705 (2017).
Yu, Z.-H., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Regulatory mechanisms and novel therapeutic targeting strategies for protein tyrosine phosphatases” Chemical Reviews 118, 1069-1091 (2018).
Zhang, R.-Y., Yu, Z.-H., Chen, L., Walls, C. D., Zhang, S., Wu, L., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Mechanistic insights explain the transforming potential of the T507K substitution in the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2”, J. Biol. Chem. 295, 6187-6201 (2020).
Li, Q., Bai, Y., Lyle, L. T., Yu, G., Amarasinghe, O., Nguele Meke, F., Carlock, C., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Mechanism of PRL2 phosphatase mediated PTEN degradation and tumorigenesis”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 117, 20538-20548 (2020).
Ruddraraju, K. V., Aggarwal, D., Niu, C., Baker, E. A., Zhang, R.-Y., Wu, L., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Highly Potent and Selective N-aryl Oxamic Acid Based Inhibitors for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase B”, J. Med. Chem. 63, 9212-9227 (2020).
Zhu, G., Xie, J., Kong, W., Xie, J., Li, Y., Du, L., Zheng, Q., Sun, L., Guan, M., Li, H., Zhu, T., He, H., Liu, Z., Xia, X., Kan, C., Tao, Y., Shen, H. C., Li, D., Wang, S., Yu, Y., Yu, Z.-H., Zhang, Z.-Y., Liu, C., and Zhu, J. “Phase separation of disease-associated SHP2 mutants underlies MAPK hyperactivation”, Cell 183, 490-502(2020).
Chen, H., Libring, S., Ruddraraju, K. V., Miao, J., Solorio, L., Zhang, Z.-Y., and Wendt, M. K. “SHP2 is a multifunctional therapeutic target in drug resistant metastatic breast cancer”, Oncogene 39, 7166-7180 (2020).
Ruddraraju, K. V., Aggarwal, D., and Zhang, Z.-Y. “Therapeutic Targeting of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases from Mycobacterium tuberculosis”, Microorganisms 9, 14 (2021).